The Rail Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (RSIA) required that the Secretary of the United States Department of Transportation (Secretary or DOT) establish minimum training standards for all safety-related railroad employees. See Title 49 United States Code (U.S.C.) Sec. 20162. To comply with that statutory mandate, the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) published a final rule on November 7, 2014, establishing Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 243, Training, Qualifications, and Oversight for Safety-Related Railroad Employees, which requires each railroad or contractor that employs one or more safety-related railroad employees to develop and submit a training program to FRA for approval and to designate the minimum training qualifications for each occupational category of employee. The rule also requires most employers to conduct periodic oversight of their employees and develop annual written reviews of their training programs to close performance gaps.